Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary Infection

Urology is the science which deals with the problems of the Urinary System.  This includes simple Urinary Tract Infections, Kidney Stones, Prostate Diseases, Blood in the urine, Kidney Cancers, Urinary Incontinence etc.  The entire gamut of any kind of diseases that affects kidney and adrenals, ureter, bladder, prostate, penis and testicles comes under the purview of an Urologist.

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Urinary Tract Infection

What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?

Urinary infections usually present with increased frequency of passing urine, an inability to wait when the urge to pass urine comes, and burning or pain during micturition. These symptoms may be associated with fever, and dirty or smelly urine. There may be blood in the urine.

What are the causes of urinary infection?

The causes of urinary infection depend on a number of factors, including the age and sex of the patient. In general urinary infection is commoner in females than in males. Bacteria always contaminate the area around the urinary orifice in both sexes, and almost all urinary infection is due to ascent of these bacteria into the urinary tract. The human body has several defense mechanisms against these infections and usually symptomatic infections do not develop. Symptoms develop when there is some structural abnormality of the renal system that alters the flow of urine : this may include congenital ( from birth ) abnormalities in children and infants, stones in both sexes, prostate trouble in men, and hormonal factors in women.

What should I do if I develop the symptoms of urinary infection?

Drink plenty of fluids, and report to the doctor. He will usually send a sample of urine for testing and start you on an antibiotic. After control of infection he may investigate you further with an ultrasonogram to exclude structural abnormalities which cause urinary infection. Once a cause has been found appropriate treatment will be given.

Blood in Urine

    Why do we get blood in the urine?

    Blood in the urine is always a serious matter. The causes of bleeding may be many:.

    • Urinary infections

    • Kidney stones.

    • Prostate enlargement

    What doctors are worried about is that blood in the urine may be caused by cancerous growths of the urinary tract: this may be anywhere in the kidney/ureters/bladder/prostate/urethra. So all episodes of bleeding with urine should be thoroughly investigated.

    What should I do if I see blood in the urine?

    Drink plenty of water. Rest in bed. Immediately consult the doctor. Do not ignore the presence of blood in the urine even if it clears up after one or two times.

 

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