Urology is the science which deals with the problems of the Urinary System. This includes simple Urinary Tract Infections, Kidney Stones, Prostate Diseases, Blood in the urine, Kidney Cancers, Urinary Incontinence etc. The entire gamut of any kind of diseases that affects kidney and adrenals, ureter, bladder, prostate, penis and testicles comes under the purview of an Urologist.
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary infections usually present with increased frequency of passing urine, an inability to wait when the urge to pass urine comes, and burning or pain during micturition. These symptoms may be associated with fever, and dirty or smelly urine. There may be blood in the urine.
The causes of urinary infection depend on a
number of factors, including the age and sex of the patient. In general
urinary infection is commoner in females than in males. Bacteria always
contaminate the area around the urinary orifice in both sexes, and almost
all urinary infection is due to ascent of these bacteria into the urinary
tract. The human body has several defense mechanisms against these infections
and usually symptomatic infections do not develop. Symptoms develop when
there is some structural abnormality of the renal system that alters the
flow of urine : this may include congenital ( from birth ) abnormalities
in children and infants, stones in both sexes, prostate trouble in men,
and hormonal factors in women.
Drink plenty of fluids, and report to the doctor. He will usually send a sample of urine for testing and start you on an antibiotic. After control of infection he may investigate you further with an ultrasonogram to exclude structural abnormalities which cause urinary infection. Once a cause has been found appropriate treatment will be given.
Blood in Urine
Blood in the urine is always a serious matter. The causes of bleeding may be many:.
What doctors are worried about is that blood in the urine may be caused by cancerous growths of the urinary tract: this may be anywhere in the kidney/ureters/bladder/prostate/urethra. So all episodes of bleeding with urine should be thoroughly investigated.
Drink plenty of water. Rest in bed. Immediately consult the doctor. Do not ignore the presence of blood in the urine even if it clears up after one or two times.
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